Covenant Theology

AbrahamCovenant Theology is essentially the idea that God binds Himself to man through covenants. God’s faithfulness to His people is clearly seen in the covenants through the scriptures. He is dealing with the redemption of men in history with whom He has come into covenant relationship.CT is a hermeneutic on how to read the bible and how the bible holds together as a whole. There are several main covenants brought to light in the pages of scripture mainly the Adamic,  Noahic, Abrahamic, Sinaitic, Davidic and New Covenant. There are different types of covenant theologians with Paedobaptist Covenant Theology being the most popular. On this website, we espouse the covenant theology from the 1689 London Baptist Confession which differs from our Presbyterian Brethren.  Why Baptists baptise believers only and Presbyterians baptise babies is clearly seen when we compare these two forms of Covenant Theology. Covenant Theology is also contrasted with the various forms of Dispensational Theology. Covenant Theologians are also defined by their Dispensational critics by the terms replacement theology (Israel being replaced by the Church) however CT deny that God has abandoned his promises to Israel. They believe that  God will see the fulfillment of the promises to Israel in the person and the work of Jesus Christ and through the church.




Baptist Covenant Theology

Here is a recommendation on which books to read in order to grasp Baptistic Covenant Theology. Please feel free to contact Faithful Servant Books to order any of these titles.  Please consider that this the order I would recommend reading these books:

covtheology265Covenant Theology: A Baptist Distinctive (Editor Earl Blackburn) This is a fantastic primer to allow someone who is beginning their search into this difficult topic to gain a good foundation. The various contributors take you through a definition of what the study of CT entails and the impact it has on our Christian lives.


9781599253251The Distinctiveness of Baptist Covenant Theology (Pascal Denault) If anyone has ever been curious to know what are the differences between the CT that Presbyterians and Baptist subscribe to, this is the book for you. This volume is very easy to read and  explains these differences by returning to the 17th century to examine the respective views of various theologians.

barcellosRecovering a Covenantal Heritage (Editor Richard C. Barcellos) This is one of the better books that you can read on the topic of BCT. The book is a number of essays dealing with its history and biblical theology. This book is for advanced readers who are perhaps looking for more depth in their study of this wonderful topic.

covtchildrenlgCovenant Children Today: Physical or Spiritual (Alan Conner) This is a fantastic critique of Paedobaptist Covenant Theology by examining the whole subject of covenant children and who are the members of the New Covenant. Conner also touches upon many other items in his book directly related to Covenant Theology.


The-Fatal-Flaw1The Fatal Flaw of the Theology Behind Infant Baptism (Jeffrey Johnson) This book is a great critique of the covenant theology behind why churches baptise infants. The focus of the book is to demonstrate that the covenant at Sinai was not a covenant of grace and Johnson then presents the dichotomous view of the Abrahamic Covenant.

manifestoA Reformed Baptist Manifesto: The New Covenant Constitution of the Church (Samuel Waldron & Richard Barcellos) This small volume takes us through the text of the New Covenant to demonstrate how Reformed Baptists view the New Covenant in comparing this view to that of Dispensationalism, Antinomianism, Arminianism and Paedobaptism.

covenant_theology_by_greg_nicholsCovenant Theology: A Reformed and Baptistic Perspective on God’s Covenants (Greg Nichols) While Nichols varies from the 1689 LBC in his understanding of Covenant Theology, this book is a wonderful study of God’s covenant from a Baptistic perspective. This book has much to offer in regards to a deeper understanding of the various biblical covenants


Credobaptism can be define as believer’s baptism or that baptism should only be administered to those who have made a profession of faith in the Lord Jesus Christ.

schreiner-believers-baptism-sign-new-covenant-9780805432497Believer’s Baptism: Sign of the New Covenant in Christ (Editors Thomas Schreiner & Shawn Wright) This is a fantastic study of the whole of the subject of baptism. The contributors take us through a scriptural analysis of New Testament Baptism and also spend time on varying views such as Reformed Paedobaptism, Suzerainty and the Stone-Campbell Restoration Movement.

cramptonbaptismFrom Paedobaptism to Credobaptism (W. Gary Crampton) This books contrasts the view of baptism set forth by the Westminster Confession of faith in relation to the views expounded in the 1689 London Baptist Confession. Crampton shares his biblical and theological reasons for embracing credobaptism.



0875524184The Christ of the Covenants (O. Palmer Robertson) This book is a very helpful volume in order to understand covenant theology from the paedobaptist perspective. Robertson is a first-class writer and theologian and there are many gems in this book that the BCT can find useful in their study.


0875523986The Israel of God: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow (O. Palmer Robertson) The Israel of God takes us through a biblical study of God’s people as defined in both the Old Testament and New Testament. Robertson does a fine job in defining what it meant to be Israel in both these testaments.


beale_ntbiblicaltheologyA New Testament Biblical Theology (G.K. Beale) Beale, a Presbyterian, shows the story of the bible by examining various themes that are repeated in a “already/not yet” manner throughout the bible. This book demonstrates the unifying factors that are present in both Testaments and also shows the consistency of God’s plan for His people.



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